Particle Board Manufacturers in Kerala – BoardsIndia
We BoardsIndia are Plain Particle board, Pre-laminated Particleboard and low density Particle board manufacturers in Perumbavoor, the Plywood hub of Kerala. The particle boards manufactured in 8’ x 4’ size with thickness normally ranging from 26 mm, 17 mm, 12 mm and 9 mm. 100% wood based particleboard with guaranteed thickness is our USP. Our major clientele include construction companies, interior designers and retail shops spread all over South India.
What is a Particle Board?
An engineered wood product manufactured from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even sawdust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded into sheets is commercially known as Particle Board aka Chipboard . Particle board is cheaper, denser and more uniform than conventional wood. The advantages of using particleboards is that it is more stable and much cheaper to buy compared to conventional wood.
History of Particle Boards
Particleboard originated in Germany. Firstly produced particleboard is dated back to 1887, when Hubbard made so-called “artificial wood” made from wood flour and albumin based adhesive, consolidated under high temperature and pressure.
Although the use of two or three layers of wood veneer is ancient, modern 4′ x 8′ sheets of plywood with 5-11 core layers of veneer were invented in the early 20th century, and began to become common by the Second World War. During the war, phenolic resin was more readily accessible than top grade wood veneer in Germany, and Luftwaffe pilot and inventor Max Himmelheber played a role in making the first sheets of particleboard, which were little more than pourings of floor sweepings, wood chips, and ground up off-cuts and glue.
The first commercial piece was produced during World War II at a factory in Bremen, Germany. For its production, waste material was used – such as planer shavings, offcuts or sawdust – hammer-milled into chips and bound together with a phenolic resin. Hammer-milling involves smashing material into smaller and smaller pieces until they can pass through a screen. Most other early particleboard manufacturers used similar processes, though often with slightly different resins.
It was found that better strength, appearance and resin economy could be achieved by using more uniform, manufactured chips. Producers began processing solid birch, beech, alder, pine and spruce into consistent chips and flakes; these finer layers were then placed on the outside of the board, with its core composed of coarser, cheaper chips. This type of board is known as three-layer particleboard.
More recently, graded-density particleboard has also evolved. It contains particles that gradually become smaller as they get closer to the surface.
Rawmaterials used in Particle Board
Particleboard or chipboard is manufactured by mixing wood particles or flakes together with a resin and forming the mixture into a sheet. The raw material to be used for the particles is fed into a disc chipper with between four and sixteen radially arranged blades. The particles are then dried, after which any oversized or undersized particles are screened out.
Resin is then mist-sprayed through fine nozzles onto the particles. There are several types of resins that are commonly used. Amino-formaldehyde based resins are the best performing when considering cost and ease of use. Urea Melamine resins are used to offer water resistance with increased melamine offering enhanced resistance. Panel production involves various other chemicals—including wax, dyes, wetting agents, release agents—to make the final product water resistant, fireproof, insect proof, or to give it some other quality.